1f : The lower operating frequency of a rotaing memory device. In a single density systems it corresponds to all clock and not data bits.
2f: The higher operating frequency of a rotaing memory device. In a double density systems it corresponds to clock and data bits in each bit cell.
Betacam: 1/2" tape format
Beta SP: Video tape format
bit: As applied in magnetic recording, it represnts one recorded information cell ("bit" is a contraction of "Binary" and "Digit" to define a unit of information).
bit cell time: The average bit duration during the process of recording at continuous maximum flux reversal rates
bit density: Bits per unit length, are or volume of the recording medium; for example, the number of bits per square centimetre of magnetic tape.
bit error rate (BER): The fraction of bits that are in error. BER = e/N where e is the number of errors and N is the total number of bits (corect bits plus erroneous bits).
bit: shift: Also called peak shift. A shift in the detected signal peak caused by the influence of a neighbouring flux transition.
BPS: Bits per second
Bulk eraser: a device for the erasure of recorded signals on magnetic media. A strong alternating magnetic field is used to remove the signal. Also known as a degausser.
certification: The process during manufacture of detecting and removing from the diskette defects which may couse data errors.
Coercitivity: the strength with which magentic particles resist change
coercivity or coercive force: The field strength required to bring the flux density to zero in a magnetic material
Computer Reel: magnetic tape wound on a reel; used to store computer data
cookie: the coated circular diskette that has been pushed to its final shape, but has not been sealed in its jacket.
D1, D2: Digital Video Master Cassettes
DAT: Digital Audio Tape
DCRS: Digital cassettes
decibel: A dimensionless unit for expressing the ratio of two powers, or more usually voltages or currents, on a loge=arithmic scale. If A and B represents two voltages or currents the ratio A/B corresponds to 20 log A/B decibels. One decibel represents a ratio of approximately 1.1 to1 between A and B
degauss: to demagnetize; for example, demagnetizing video tape to completely erase the data. To return the magnetization in a media coating or in a head to a zero state by applying a decaying and alternating magnetic field
degaussing: degaussing or demagnetizing describe the use of an external degausser or bulk eraser erase data from magentic media.
DDS: Digital Data Storage tape
Disk/Diskette: Removable magnetic media storage, usually 3.5" square
diskette: A flexible, circular substrate made of polyester, coated on one or both sides with magnetic oxide, and designed to receive and store electrically coded information for later retrieval.
DVC Pro: Digital Video tape
D-VHS: Digital Video Home System
EP: Extra Pulse Caused by minor media defects of contaminants on a disk when DC biased.
Exabyte: Tape cartridge manufacturer
FCI: Flux changes per inch
flippy: A diskette which has been certified on both sides to be 100 percent error-free and thus able to be "flipped" over for use on either side.
floppy: The term used to describe a diskette's characteristic flexibility when free of its protective jacket
flux: Lines of magnetic force
formatted capacity: The maximum amount of data bytes that can be stored on the media
hard error: An error that is repeatable in the same track and sector location
Hi-8: High-density camcorder tape
high energy tape: magnetic tape having coercivity higher than 600 Oersteds
kBPS: Kilobits per second
magnetic flux: The magnetic lines of force produced by a magnet for electric current
magnetic field strength: The magnitude of a magnetic field vector, usually expressed in oersteds or ampere-turns per meter.
MMF: magnetomotive force The magnetic analogue of electromotive force, which, when due to a current in a coil, is proportional to the product of current in amperes and the number of turns.
MP: Missing Pulse. Caused by minor media defects or contaminants on the surface of a disk.
Maxwell: A unit of magnetic flux
Oersted: a cgs unit of magnetic field strength, symbol: Oe
overwrite: Overwrite of an FMM (digital) recording with the two frequencies 1f amnd 2f is defined as the ratio of the original 1f (of half band edge signal) to that remaining after being overwritten with 2f (or band edge signal). Overwrite of 30 dB is considered adequate for proper system performance.
Pancake: tape spooled on a hub in a pancake shape
QIC: Quarter-Inch Cartridge Drive standard
retentivity: The maximum value of the residual flux density corresponding to saturation flux density.
S-VHS: Super Home Video System
TK50/TK75: tapes for TK50/TK75 tape cartridge system
TPI: Tracks per inch
track: That protion of a recorded surface available to one read/write head at each access position. Also an area of tape surface that coincides with the location of the recorded magnetization produced by one record gap.
Travan: Type of data cartridge
U-matic: 3/4" tape format
VHS: Video Home System. VHS tapes are often used in consumer Video Cassette Recorders (VCRs) and in CCTV systems.